Pain is an unpleasant feeling or discomfort caused by injury, illness or emotional disorder. Pain can be differentiated into two basic types such as:
Your doctor will make a diagnosis based on the history of pain you have narrated such as type of pain – whether sharp or dull aching pain, duration and location of pain.
There are various diagnostic techniques used to find the cause of pain and some of them include:
The ultimate goal of pain management is to improve the function of an individual by enabling him to carry out his day-to- day activities in a normal way. There are many ways by which pain can be treated.
Analgesic medications: These are pain relieving medications. Anticonvulsants are used to relieve pain caused by trigeminal neuralgia. Antidepressants are also prescribed. In addition, anti-anxiety drugs are used to relieve muscle pain. Antimigraine drugs are used to relieve migraine headaches. These medications should be taken only on doctor’s advice as they can cause serious adverse effects.
Physical therapy involves use of physical techniques and methods, such as heat, cold, exercise, massage, and manipulation, in the treatment of certain chronic pain conditions. These techniques help to increase function, control pain, and rehabilitate the patient.
Heat and cold therapy help to relieve pain when applied to the painful areas. Physical exercises include stretching and range-of-motion exercises to maintain strength, flexibility, and mobility. Regular exercises relieve stress and also increase production of endorphins-natural pain relievers.
Psychological counseling such as behavioral therapy improves your mental health and manages conditions such as stress and depression which can aggravate chronic pain. It is important to be physically as well as emotionally stable to manage chronic pain.